Chiropractors typically offer more than one kind of treatment, and will often use a combination of therapies to support a more complete solution. A course of treatment for back pain may include one or more of the following:
1. Spinal Manipulation and Mobilization
Spinal manipulation, or chiropractic adjustment, refers to a specific technique used to align the spine. During this treatment, the chiropractor will use a high-velocity, short lever arm thrust to restore a vertebra to proper alignment.
In contrast, during spinal mobilization, the chiropractor uses w-velocity manipulation of the muscles and joints to increase range of motion within the targeted area.
2. Dietary and Exercise Recommendations
Most chiropractors practice a holistic approach to medicine, recognizing that total wellness supports more effective treatment of any condition, including chronic back pain and herniated discs.
As such, they may offer insight on how to make lifestyle adjustments that will improve your total health, including dietary changes, vitamin therapy and a targeted exercise regimen.
Ultrasound treatment consists of sound waves used to create deep heat therapy. It functions as a micro-massage for soft tissues and joints, and can reduce back pain, stiffness, and spasms. It also increases blood flow to accelerate the natural healing process.
4. Electrical Muscle Stimulation
During electrical muscle stimulation, electrodes are placed on the skin to send electrical pulses to problem areas, such as the lower back. This treatment reduces inflammation, curtails muscle spasms and relieves back pain.
5. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulators (TENS)
TENS units feature electrodes placed over the source of pain, and give the user the ability to control the intensity of electrical stimulation. This treatment blocks the transmission of pain signals by the nerves, and releases natural pain killers.
6. Spinal Decompression
Non-surgical spinal decompression uses a traction table or similar motorized device to stretch the spine. This treatment alleviates pressure to affected nerves and body structures, thus reducing back pain and supporting the body’s natural healing process.
7. Cold Laser Therapy
As the name implies, cold lasers do not emit heat. Instead of generating heat, they induce a biological response in the cells of the body, which stimulates the blood flow in the targeted area. This enhances the body’s natural ability to heal, and also eases pain.