Your back could be vulnerable to so much trouble, especially if you are not careful with your daily activities that cause strain to this part of the body. Indeed, there are several common back injuries that most people suffer from time to time, whether it is male or female, regardless of age.
Sciatic nerve is a nerve formation located at your lower back. It continues down to your legs and controls the movement of your leg muscles. Sciatica is one of the most commonly diagnosed back injuries and although various symptoms such as tingling sensation, numbness, weakness, and radiating pain are mostly manifested on the legs, it actually originates in the lower back where the nerves are located.
2. Herniated or Slipped Disc
Slipped disc, another common type of back injury, goes by different names such as hernia, ruptured discs, to name a few. Slipped disc commonly occurs in the lower back area that affects the disc that serves as protective layer for the bones in your spine.
Hence, it acts as a shock absorber to prevent any serious injuries to your spinal cord. The term is actually a misnomer since the discs do not slip but are rather ruptured or split instead. Hence, this results in the leaking of a gel substance until it goes onto the surrounding tissues, causing pressure to be applied onto your spinal cord.
This pressure is manifested through an often-intense sensation of pain in your lower back and along your spine. Some of the recommended preventive methods against slipped disc include regular exercise and lifting heavy objects that cause pressure on your back.
3. Back Strain
This type of back injury commonly affects your lower back, specifically causing strain to your lumbar muscles. The cause of back strain is when the muscle fibers to your lower back are overstretched. It might happen overtime or due to an impact from an injury. Inflammation to your lower back muscles results in muscle spasm and other types of intense pain.
For this type of injury, bed rest usually helps in easing the pain. However, as the pain persists and as the injury becomes more serious, you need to seek the help of a healthcare professional. You need to acquire the much needed medical attention and therapy as your muscles weaken. Performing exercises that strengthen and stretch your lower back will enable you to recover from this injury quickly.
4. Fractured Vertebrae
Your spinal vertebrae is also at risk for developing fractures, just like any other bones in your body. The extent of the back injury widely varies though, depending on where in your spine the injury is located and other neurological effects that come with it.
Not all types of vertebral fracture bring about pain; however, it can lead to soreness and stiffness on the affected area. In some cases, there is even a visible lump right where the injury is.Despite the seemingly serious nature of this type of back injury, it does heal on its own for most cases. There are several reasons as to how one person can develop this back injury, which includes landing on your heels, or leaping off great heights.
5. Degenerative Disc Disease
This is a term used to refer to back pain problems that have been persistent for over 3 months since the initial manifestation of symptoms. Degenerative disc disease can occur anywhere in your spine and is often due to changes that take place in your inverterbral discs. There are three areas in your spine where this type of back injury could take place: lumbar or lower back, thoracic or mid-back, and cervical or neck area.
When a person reaches the age of 30 or above, the discs become vulnerable to such injuries as they naturally soften and become less flexible. As a result, their ability to cushion your spinal vertebrae degenerates as well. But aside from the natural aging process, there are a lot of other factors that might contribute to the acquisition of this back pain problem such as direct injury to your spinal disks, trauma, or infection.
6. Nerve Impingement
Nerve impingement, or radioculopathy, is a type of back injury that is not quite as common as the above examples. It happens as a result of irritation or compression to your spinal nerve roots. In layman’s term, it is referred to as “pinched nerve”, which also affects your lower spine.
Knowledge of these common back injuries will enable you to understand how you can prevent them from happening and what possible treatment options are suitable for relieving the pain and discomfort they bring.